عنوان مقاله [English]
The ancient land of Kharazm, the northernmost point of central Asia, was an important area during the early Islamic centuries. Kharazm was a commercial centre for Caravans coming from lands of Oghozs, Khazars and especially Russians; Also merchants of Kharazm were engaged in trade in foreign countries. Kharazm was trading with Russia and Europe via Aral. Kharazm’s geographical and merchant situation prepared glorious economic and commercial periods. Passing through the ancient era towards the Islamic era Kharazm has also kept this role. Khwarizmi merchants were controlling the trade in central Asia and Khorasan and had trading Houses and Store Houses throughout central Asia, Khorasan, India, Bulgaria and Volga coastline. Politically, Kharazm had an autonomous monarchy originated in the ancient age-ruling by Farighonid dynasty. After Arab conquest, the ancient rulers became subordinate to the Caliphate and therefore a duel political order appeared in Kharazm. Kharazm played a key role during the establishment of Iranian autonomous states in Trans Oxiana. In this article, with Looking at the economic and political situation of Kharazm, the model development of Kharazm in this two fields, has been surveyed.